Gynaecomastia is a condition or alteration in men’s breasts, most frequently occurring during puberty. It is characterised by increased breast volume due to an excess of mammary glandular tissue and/or fat, arising from hormonal disturbances or diseases or as a result of taking certain medicines.
Breast augmentation or enlargement is a surgical procedure on normal breasts or breasts that have been altered by post-cancer mastectomy, using a biocompatible implant made from an inert material, such as silicone, or through the use of fat infiltration/grafting.
Breast reduction is plastic surgery on the breasts aimed at reducing their volume, while at the same time improving posture and alleviating the physical discomfort caused by their disproportionate weight and volume, always with the intention of re-establishing the aesthetic balance between the breast and the body.
Mastopexy is plastic surgery on the breast to correct breast ptosis, commonly known as sagging breasts, where the excess skin is removed and the breast is aesthetically remodelled. The nipple is then replaced in its natural position.
Breast reconstruction is a process of surgical correction or repair of aftereffects or physical changes in the breast region after a mastectomy carried out during the course of breast cancer treatment.